See Winchester Star Article on 13th Annual Meeting November 16, 2014

Speaker  Mr. Paul R. Misencik, author of

George Washington and the Half-King Chief Tanacharison


Bus Tour and Seminar

by Braddock Road Preservation Assn  Oct 31 to Nov 1 2014


A Scout was raised to the rank of “Eagle”  Sunday October 5, 2014. Of the many tasks to complete to become Eagle, he chose to make our display case for the Visitors Center. He is David Tactikos of Winchester. He is a senior at Handley High School. Troop 9. The F&I War Foundation wishes to give a huge thanks to David and to Mr. Tony Manzione.

Click on Eagle Scout


Click on: July 2014 Newsletter, an update on recent accomplishments and events and a story on a prisoner of note  by Board Member Steve Resan.

Click on: More on this prisoner


National Landmark Status accomplished,

Winchester Star July 12, 2014 article


July 8, 2014, Dr Carl Ekberg (board member of the F&I War Foundation) was awarded La Medaille d’Or du Merite  Francophone by the French Ambassador, Francois Delattre   

Click on: Dr Carl Ekberg has written the following books

Click on: video of event

See: Dr Carl Ekberg


See Video: Fort Loudoun Day May 17, 2014


APRIL 5, 2014 Event at the Carlyle House.

Norman Baker, our French and Indian War Foundation historian, attended the event at the Carlyle House.  Norman Baker is author of “Braddock’s Road,” whereby the actual location of the road is detailed.


Click on:  Press 2013


Fort Loudoun a Symbol of Obession for Washington

 December 31, 2010
By Joel Danoy
The Winchester Star

WINCHESTER– Positioned at the crossroads of the Western colonial frontier, Fort Loudoun was constructed as a symbol of Virginia’s strength and power during the French and Indian War. The stronghold, which never came under attack, was named for John Campbell (1705-1782), the fourth Earl of Loudoun – a man who blessed the idea of the fort through correspondence, but never laid eyes on the structure. Built from 1756 to 1758, the fort became an obsession for its creator – 26-year-old George Washington – who used it as his regimental headquarters during the French and Indian War (1754-1763).

A historical marker at what is now 419 N. Loudoun St. marks the spot where ground was broken for the fort’s construction on May 18, 1756. According to Norman L. Baker, a local historian and author of “Fort Loudoun: Washington’s Fort in Virginia,” the future president saw the fort’s construction as a way to regain his integrity after an embarrassing defeat as commander at Fort Necessity in 1754 and as an officer under Gen. Edward Braddock’s expeditionary force in a failed attempt to capture theFrench Fort Duquesne (in what is now Pittsburgh) in 1755.

Those defeats, Baker said, left an already vulnerable Shenandoah Valley frontier wide open to Indian raiding parties – led by French commanders – who attacked through the Ohio Valley and into the Virginia frontier.

The British military command devised a plan to create a “chain of forts” along the Virginia frontier.

”[French soldiers and Native Americans] were attacking these settlers – taking them into captivity, you know, woman and children, and killing the men,” Baker said. “[The British] realized that the only thing that could help them were these forts that they can put soldiers in.”

Washington, chosen by the British military command to execute the plan for the fort, recognized the military advantages of locating Fort Loudoun outside the small frontier crossroads town of Winchester.

Founded in 1752, Winchester was the first and only English-speaking settlement west of the Blue Ridge Mountains at the time of the fort’s construction. Winchester was located roughly halfway between Virginia’s northern frontier (now Williamsport, Md.) and the colony’s southern frontier (near what is now the North Carolina border).

”Washington constantly felt like he had to concentrate his command here in Winchester because it was the closest to the French,” Baker said. “It was right at a crossroads on a beautiful hill that was well-chosen.”

Washington wanted to build Fort Loudoun in Winchester as a command center, Baker said, where he could have supplies, ammunition, and soldiers who could be sent out to other frontier forts. “There was a necessity to protect the settlers because people were leaving in droves, going over the Blue Ridge Mountains trying to get over the eastern side [because of repeated Indian attacks],” said the 84-year-old author from Delaplane.

Approved by the Virginia General Assembly and the House of Burgesses at a cost of 1,000 British pounds, the fort was situated on a five-acre tract about 200 yards north of town.Washington laid out a 204-square-foot fortification with bastions at each corner. Inside, he designed barracks for 450 men, a powder magazine, an officer’s guard house, a grand house and kitchen, and a drinking well drilled 103 feet through limestone.

He utilized an effective defense by using an interior and exterior wall made of vertical timbers with dirt and stone filling the void between the walls – creating a base 18-feet thick. ”This was the best effort Virginia could put forward during the French and Indian War,” Baker said. “There were small forts all along the frontier but nothing as formidable as Fort Loudoun.”

Although it’s been documented that Indian raids hit Clear Brook – 12 miles north of Winchester – Fort Loudoun and Winchester were never directly attacked. Baker said the importance of the fort didn’t come with its military symbolism – its true impact must be measured in the safety and protection its mere presence provided the residents in and around Winchester. ”Winchester was nothing but four cross streets before they started building this fort,” he said. “[It] grew into the city that it was because it brought in these troops from all over Virginia and elsewhere and it brought a new economy that built the city up.”Winchester never went down from that point. It always just kept going up.”

In 1763, the French ceded North America to the British with the signing of the Treaty of Paris – effectively ending the nine-year conflict and the last opportunity that the fort might see combat action.
– Contact Joel Danoy at

Review of August Fort Bus Tour

Report by Jim Moyer and Fay Dutton

My wife and I really enjoyed the trip on August 8, 2009 Saturday from 9am to 5pm. I am guessing that tour was probably more than 20 years of weekends in the making where Norman Baker, our tour guide, had walked all those places, documented all those spots, poured over satellite and aerial maps and topo maps, and photographed parts of the Braddock Road.

Some highlights: 

This bus tour held 22 of us. We drove out west on what was called the Old Wagon Road and drove back toWinchester’s Fort Loudoun on the Braddock Road. This tour encompassed what was mostly the old largeFrederick County that emerged from an older Orange County.

Grey cloudy day soon became bright and sunny for most of morning and early afternoon.

The docent at Edward’s Fort was happy to see us, and we enjoyed our visit there and enjoyed his friendly and informative presentation.  They have a great selection of books to buy as well.  The docent did remark that everyone around these parts thinks their road is part of Braddock’s Road but Norman Baker might be the only researcher who used some logic combined with the map studies to make what is the real Braddock Road.

Tour Covers 14 Forts

The Winchester Star
Monday, August, 2009

By Stephanie Mangino

The Winchester Star: Monday, May 18, 2009

Raising the Flag Over Fort Loudoun

By Laura Oleniacz, The Winchester Star

Winchester — Lt. Col. Mark Sullivan of the British Army stood in salute under the afternoon sun Saturday, as a British flag was hoisted above the historic Fort Loudoun site.

Sullivan, who is stationed in the British Embassy in Washington, D.C., as a technical officer, was sent to Winchester for the flag-raising ceremony for the city’s “Fort Loudoun Day.”

The day marks the start of Fort Loudoun’s construction under George Washington’s direction in 1756, said French and Indian War Foundation President Patrick Farris.

The fort was the headquarters of the Virginia Regiment that Washington commanded during the French and Indian War, and was the anchor of a string of defenses stretching from Maryland to North Carolina designed to protect the frontier.

The foundation owns the Baker-Hardy House at 419 N. Loudoun St., which sits at the northwest bastion of the fort, Farris said.

At the flag-raising ceremony, Sullivan called out orders for the raising of the “King’s Colors,” which was the nation’s banner during the English colonization of the United States.

To read the remainder of the article click the following link:


TV3 Winchester: Sunday, May 17, 2009

Fort Loudoun Day Raises Foreign Flag

By Ryan O’Connor, TV3 Winchester\

If you drove down North Loudoun Street, Saturday, you may have noticed an unusual flag flying.

Many in your community gathered to commemorate the French-Indian war at the site of the former Fort Loudoun. The military base built and overseen by then-Colonel George Washington.

The commemoration was capped off by the raising of the flag of England, lead by a representative of the British Embassy.

“This year’s Fort Loudoun Day is very special because we decided this year to raise a British flag over the fort,” Patrick Farris, the President of the French-Indian War Foundation, said. “The same type of British flag that was flown over the fort during the French-Indian War of the 1750s.”

The history of Fort Loudoun is preserved by the French-Indian War Foundation of Winchester.

Fort Loudoun Day is held every May in line with the opening of tourist season and the start of the original construction of the fort in the 1750s.